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7 Key Topics for Rail Industry Stakeholders to Focus on in 2024

Reciprocal Switching and Common Carrier Obligation

In 2024, the railroad industry is closely monitoring several key issues, including service improvement, government oversight, and safety regulations. A significant focus is on the Surface Transportation Board’s (STB) continued efforts to address rail service issues. A notable development is the potential finalization of a rulemaking on reciprocal switching. This rule would enable shippers with access to one major railroad to gain access to another’s network at interchange points, fostering competition and service improvement.

The STB’s proposal, announced previously, aims to introduce reciprocal switching in cases where a railroad fails to meet certain service thresholds. Additionally, the proposal suggests making permanent the collection of detailed service data from major railroads, enhancing transparency in industry spot and pull and on-time performance metrics. This development has garnered support from shippers, though some advocate for more measures to promote rail competition and incentivize railroads to improve service.

Industry Perspectives on Service and Competition

Industry representatives express mixed views on the proposed reciprocal switching rule. Some view it as a positive step towards addressing service issues, while others believe that the rule should further incentivize competition among railroads. The consensus is that reciprocal switching should not solely be a response to poor service, but also a proactive measure to prevent service-related issues.

Congressional Oversight and STB’s Role

The industry is also watching for potential legislative actions that might redefine the common carrier obligation, providing clarity to railroads about their freight movement responsibilities. Additionally, there’s interest in how the STB will handle its increased responsibilities, particularly in overseeing passenger rail service and managing rate disputes for larger shippers, as mandated by recent infrastructure legislation.

Rail Service as a Priority

The overall sentiment in the industry is the importance of maintaining freight rail service as a priority, even outside of service crises. This involves identifying and implementing policies that empower the STB with adequate oversight tools, reflecting the current market dynamics. The aim is to foster competition in a market perceived as highly concentrated and anti-competitive.

Leadership Changes and Their Implications

The upcoming departure of a key STB chairman has raised questions about the future leadership and direction of the board. The industry is concerned about maintaining momentum in addressing critical issues like reciprocal switching. The appointment of a new chairman and additional board members, particularly in an election year, is seen as crucial for continuing effective oversight and addressing service standards.


The railroad industry in 2024 is at a pivotal point, with critical issues like reciprocal switching, common carrier obligations, and leadership changes at the forefront. The industry stakeholders are keenly observing the STB’s actions and potential legislative changes, understanding their significant impact on the future of rail service and competition.

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